Der Bundesstaat New York, auch „The Empire State“ genannt, liegt an der nördlichen Ostküste der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Er erstreckt sich von der. Der Staat New York ist seit Mitglied der USA und gehört zu den drei Mittelatlantikstaaten. Bevölkerung des Staatsgebietes: 19,4 mio (): Bevölkerung von. Alle Infos und Fakten über den US-Bundesstaat New York ✅ Für Reisende und USA Interessierte ❤️ Landkarte, Klima & Top.
Rundreise durch den Bundesstaat New YorkNew York ist einer der aufregendsten Bundesstaaten Amerikas. Nicht umsonst trägt der facettenreiche Staat der USA den Beinamen „Empire State“, was. Der Bundesstaat New York, auch „The Empire State“ genannt, liegt an der nördlichen Ostküste der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Er erstreckt sich von der. Der Staat New York erstreckt sich von der Atlantikküste bis nach Kanada und zu den Großen Seen. Obwohl die Hälfte der Bevölkerung des Staates New York in.
Staat New York Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoDer Staat New York!
New York is rijk aan meren en rivieren. Het grote Champlainmeer vormt een gedeelte van de grens met Vermont. De belangrijkste rivier is de Hudson die in de staat ontspringt en bij de stad New York in de Atlantische Oceaan stroomt.
Bekend zijn tevens de Niagarawatervallen op de grens met Canada. In telde New York Het bruto product van de staat bedroeg in miljard dollar.
Landbouw en industrie zijn er niet onbelangrijk, maar New York - vooral de stad New York - is toch het meest bekend als financieel centrum van de wereld zie New York Stock Exchange en Wall Street.
Omdat de wereldstad New York in het zuidelijkste deel van de staat zo verschillend is van de rest van de staat, wordt het gebied ten noorden van de stad vaak Upstate New York genoemd.
Upstate New York is landelijker, dunner bevolkt en politiek gezien conservatiever dan de stad New York. De militaire academie West Point bevindt zich in de gelijknamige plaats.
De staat ligt in de Eastern - tijdzone. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut , Massachusetts , and Vermont to the east.
The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island , east of Long Island , as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest.
The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley.
The large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains , and the Adirondack Mountains in the northeastern lobe of the state.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes , a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian -speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York.
French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. The Dutch built Fort Nassau in at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany later developed.
The Dutch soon also settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland , a center of trade and immigration.
England seized the colony from the Dutch in During the American Revolutionary War — , a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and eventually succeeded in establishing independence.
In the 19th century, New York's development of the interior, beginning with the Erie Canal , gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the east coast and built its political and cultural ascendancy.
Several have been ranked among the top in the nation and world. The tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Haudenosaunee and Algonquian. Long Island was divided roughly in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape.
The Lenape also controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor. North of the Lenape was a third Algonquian nation, the Mohicans.
Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk , the original Iroquois and the Petun.
South of them, divided roughly along Appalachia , were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War , a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land.
After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet , most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the s,  however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time.
They may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes.
The Mohawk were also known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity.
They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock briefly conquered the Lenape in the s.
The most devastating event of the century, however, was the Beaver Wars. From approximately —, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other.
The aim was to control more land for animal trapping, a career most natives had turned to in hopes of trading with whites first.
This completely changed the ethnography of the region, and most large game was hunted out before whites ever fully explored the land.
In the s, they would also merge with the Mohawk during the French-Indian War and take in the remaining Susquehannock of Pennsylvania after they were decimated in war.
Then, after the Revolution, a large group of them split off and returned to Ohio, becoming known as the Mingo Seneca.
The Iroquois fought for both sides during the Revolutionary War ; afterwards many pro-British Iroquois migrated to Canada.
Today, the Iroquois still live in several reservations in upstate New York. Meanwhile, the Lenape formed a close relationship with William Penn.
However, upon Penn's death, his sons managed to take over much of their lands and banish them to Ohio. Also, in , the United States relocated the Nanticoke from the Delmarva Peninsula to the former Iroquois lands south of Lake Ontario, though they did not stay long.
Mostly, they chose to migrate into Canada and merge with the Iroquois, although some moved west and merged with the Lenape.
On April 17, , Verrazzano entered New York Bay , by way of the strait now called the Narrows into the northern bay which he named Santa Margherita, in honor of the King of France's sister.
Verrazzano described it as "a vast coastline with a deep delta in which every kind of ship could pass" and he adds: "that it extends inland for a league and opens up to form a beautiful lake.
This vast sheet of water swarmed with native boats. Verrazzano's stay was interrupted by a storm which pushed him north towards Martha's Vineyard.
In , French traders from New France built a chateau on Castle Island , within present-day Albany; it was abandoned the following year due to flooding.
In , the Dutch, under the command of Hendrick Corstiaensen, rebuilt the French chateau , which they called Fort Nassau. The small fort served as a trading post and warehouse.
Located on the Hudson River flood plain, the rudimentary "fort" was washed away by flooding in ,  and abandoned for good after Fort Orange New Netherland was built nearby in Henry Hudson's voyage marked the beginning of European involvement with the area.
During the 17th century, Dutch trading posts established for the trade of pelts from the Lenape , Iroquois , and other tribes were founded in the colony of New Netherland.
The first of these trading posts were Fort Nassau , near present-day Albany ; Fort Orange , on the Hudson River just south of the current city of Albany and created to replace Fort Nassau , developing into settlement Beverwijck , and into what became Albany; Fort Amsterdam , to develop into the town New Amsterdam which is present-day New York City ; and Esopus, , now Kingston.
The success of the patroonship of Rensselaerswyck , which surrounded Albany and lasted until the midth century, was also a key factor in the early success of the colony.
It was returned to the English under the terms of the Treaty of Westminster a year later. The Stamp Act Congress met in the city on October 19 of that year, composed of representatives from across the Thirteen Colonies who set the stage for the Continental Congress to follow.
The Stamp Act Congress resulted in the Declaration of Rights and Grievances , which was the first written expression by representatives of the Americans of many of the rights and complaints later expressed in the United States Declaration of Independence.
This included the right to representative government. At the same time, given strong commercial, personal and sentimental links to Britain , many New York residents were Loyalists.
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga provided the cannon and gunpowder necessary to force a British withdrawal from the Siege of Boston in New York was the only colony not to vote for independence , as the delegates were not authorized to do so.
New York then endorsed the Declaration of Independence on July 9, It was not submitted to the people for ratification. About a third of the battles of the American Revolutionary War took place in New York; the first major one and largest of the entire war was the Battle of Long Island , a.
Battle of Brooklyn , in August After their victory, the British occupied New York City, making it their military and political base of operations in North America for the duration of the conflict, and consequently the focus of General George Washington 's intelligence network.
On the notorious British prison ships of Wallabout Bay , more American combatants died of intentional neglect than were killed in combat in every battle of the war combined.
Both sides of combatants lost more soldiers to disease than to outright wounds. The first of two major British armies were captured by the Continental Army at the Battle of Saratoga in , a success that influenced France to ally with the revolutionaries.
The state constitution was enacted in In an attempt to retain their sovereignty and remain an independent nation positioned between the new United States and British North America, four of the Iroquois Nations fought on the side of the British; only the Oneida and their dependents, the Tuscarora, allied themselves with the Americans.
As allies of the British, the Iroquois were forced out of New York, although they had not been part of treaty negotiations.
They resettled in Canada after the war and were given land grants by the Crown. In the treaty settlement, the British ceded most Indian lands to the new United States.
Because New York made treaty with the Iroquois without getting Congressional approval, some of the land purchases have been subject to land claim suits since the late 20th century by the federally recognized tribes.
New York City was the national capital under the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union , the first national government.
That organization was found to be insufficient, and prominent New Yorker Alexander Hamilton advocated a new government that would include an executive, national courts, and the power to tax.
Hamilton led the Annapolis Convention that called for the Philadelphia Convention , which drafted the United States Constitution, in which he also took part.
The new government was to be a strong federal national government to replace the relatively weaker confederation of individual states.
Following heated debate, which included the publication of the now quintessential constitutional interpretation— The Federalist Papers —as a series of installments in New York City newspapers, New York was the 11th state to ratify the United States Constitution , on July 26, Hamilton's revival of the heavily indebted United States economy after the war and the creation of a national bank significantly contributed to New York City becoming the financial center of the new nation.
Both the Dutch and the British imported African slaves as laborers to the city and colony; New York had the second-highest population of slaves after Charleston, South Carolina.
Slavery was extensive in New York City and some agricultural areas. The state passed a law for the gradual abolition of slavery soon after the Revolutionary War, but the last slave in New York was not freed until Transportation in western New York was by expensive wagons on muddy roads before canals opened up the rich farm lands to long-distance traffic.
Work commenced in , and the Erie Canal opened in Packet boats pulled by horses on tow paths traveled slowly over the canal carrying passengers and freight.
It was an engineering marvel which opened up vast areas of New York to commerce and settlement. It enabled Great Lakes port cities such as Buffalo and Rochester to grow and prosper.
It also connected the burgeoning agricultural production of the Midwest and shipping on the Great Lakes, with the port of New York City.
Improving transportation, it enabled additional population migration to territories west of New York. After , railroads largely replaced the canal.
New York City was a major ocean port and had extensive traffic importing cotton from the South and exporting manufacturing goods.
Nearly half of the state's exports were related to cotton. Southern cotton factors, planters and bankers visited so often that they had favorite hotels.
Upstate, and New York City, gave strong support for the American Civil War , in terms of finances, volunteer soldiers, and supplies.
The state provided more than , soldiers to the Union armies. Over 53, New Yorkers died in service, roughly one of every seven who served.
However, Irish draft riots in were a significant embarrassment. Since the early 19th century, New York City has been the largest port of entry for legal immigration into the United States.
In the United States, the federal government did not assume direct jurisdiction for immigration until Prior to this time, the matter was delegated to the individual states, then via contract between the states and the federal government.
The first permanent immigration depot in New York was established in at Castle Garden , a converted War of era fort located within what is now Battery Park , at the tip of Lower Manhattan.
The first immigrants to arrive at the new depot were aboard three ships that had just been released from quarantine. Castle Garden served as New York's immigrant depot until it closed on April 18, , when the federal government assumed control over immigration.
During that period, more than eight million immigrants passed through its doors two of every three U. When the federal government assumed control, it established the Bureau of Immigration , which chose the three-acre Ellis Island in Upper New York Harbor for an entry depot.
Already federally controlled, the island had served as an ammunition depot. It was chosen due its relative isolation with proximity to New York City and the rail lines of Jersey City, New Jersey , via a short ferry ride.
While the island was being developed and expanded via land reclamation , the federal government operated a temporary depot at the Barge Office at the Battery.
Ellis Island opened on January 1, , and operated as a central immigration center until the National Origins Act was passed in , reducing immigration.
After that date, the only immigrants to pass through were displaced persons or war refugees. The island ceased all immigration processing on November 12, , when the last person detained on the island, Norwegian seaman Arne Peterssen, was released.
Manhattan-bound ferry to return to his ship. More than twelve million immigrants passed through Ellis Island between and More than a hundred million Americans across the United States can trace their ancestry to these immigrants.
Ellis Island was the subject of a contentious and long-running border and jurisdictional dispute between New York State and the State of New Jersey, as both claimed it.
The issue was settled in by the U. Supreme Court which ruled that the original 3. Johnson and is still owned by the federal government as part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.
Ellis Island was opened to the public as a museum of immigration in On September 11, , two of four hijacked planes were flown into the Twin Towers of the original World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan , and the towers collapsed.
The other buildings of the World Trade Center complex were damaged beyond repair and demolished soon thereafter.
The collapse of the Twin Towers caused extensive damage and resulted in the deaths of 2, victims, including aboard the two planes.
In the years since, over 7, rescue workers and residents of the area have developed several life-threatening illnesses, and some have died.
A permanent museum later opened at the site on March 21, On October 29 and 30, , Hurricane Sandy caused extensive destruction of the state's shorelines, ravaging portions of New York City, Long Island , and southern Westchester with record-high storm surge , with severe flooding and high winds causing power outages for hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers, and leading to gasoline shortages and disruption of mass transit systems.
The storm and its profound effects have prompted the discussion of constructing seawalls and other coastal barriers around the shorelines of New York City and Long Island to minimize the risk from another such future event.
Such risk is considered highly probable due to global warming and rising sea levels. Nearly 50 percent of known national cases were in the state,  with one-third of total known U.
In contrast with New York City's urban landscape, the vast majority of the state's geographic area is dominated by meadows , forests , rivers, farms, mountains, and lakes.
Most of the southern part of the state rests on the Allegheny Plateau , which extends from the southeastern United States to the Catskill Mountains ; the section in New York State is known as the Southern Tier.
The rugged Adirondack Mountains , with vast tracts of wilderness, lie west of the Lake Champlain Valley.
The Tug Hill region arises as a cuesta east of Lake Ontario. Upstate and downstate are often used informally to distinguish New York City or its greater metropolitan area from the rest of New York State.
The placement of a boundary between the two is a matter of great contention. New York contains a part of the Marcellus shale , which extends into Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Of New York State's total area, New York is the only state that includes within its borders parts of the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean.
Der Gouverneur wird im Turnus von vier Jahren direkt vom Volk gewählt. Sie besteht aus einem Staatssenat mit 63 direkt gewählten Senatoren und der State Assembly mit direkt gewählten Abgeordneten.
Die Amtszeiten betragen vier bzw. Seit den Staatsparlamentswahlen verfügen die Demokraten in beiden Kammern über eine deutliche Mehrheit.
Bei den letzten Wahlen erzielten die Demokraten in New York Ergebnisse, die stets knapp unter oder sogar über 60 Prozent lagen.
Zu nennen sind hier George Pataki und Rudy Giuliani. Im Senat des Die Delegation des Staates im Repräsentantenhaus des Kongresses besteht aus 21 Demokraten und fünf Republikanern.
Der Vorschlag sieht bis zunächst eine prozentige Reduzierung von Methan und anderen schädlichen Gasen sowie bis eine Reduzierung um 85 Prozent vor.
Zudem muss bis ein kohlenstofffreies Stromsystem geschaffen werden. In Lake Placid fanden und Olympische Winterspiele statt.
Lake Placid ist damit einer von nur drei Orten, die die Winterspiele zweimal austrugen. Insgesamt wird der Tourismus immer wichtiger, denn es wird wieder populärer, auf Long Island seinen Sommerurlaub zu verbringen.
Die Wintersportgebiete sind noch sehr unzureichend erschlossen. Der Indian Summer ist nach wie vor populär.
Bundesdistrikt: Washington, D. Locatie van New York in de VS. Geraadpleegd op 12 juni Geraadpleegd op 22 mei The New York Times.
Harper Theodore Roosevelt. Geraadpleegd op 05 april New York Foundation. Geraadpleegd op 01 april De 60 guldens worden in de Verenigde Staten meestal omgerekend tot 24 dollars.
Dit is een vergissing, aangezien 60 guldens in veel meer waard waren. Owl Books , p. ISBN Columbia College , p. News and World Report Gearchiveerd op 21 oktober Geraadpleegd op 1 september Geraadpleegd op 29 juni Geraadpleegd op 11 september Rutgers University Press , p.
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New York State Climate Office. Gearchiveerd op 5 juli Geraadpleegd op 12 augustus Globe Pequot Press Geraadpleegd op 23 april Metropolitan Transportation Authority Gearchiveerd op 25 mei Zie ook Sierra Club 1 juli ScienceDirect 21 januari Gearchiveerde versie.
Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, N. Geraadpleegd op Not surprisingly, New York County which contains Manhattan had the highest population density with a calculated Census Bureau.
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Geraadpleegd op 3 jul Geraadpleegd op 5 juli The price is believed to be the most ever paid for a U. That broke the previous record-set four weeks earlier-when Madison Ave.
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